What Are the Violin String Names?

Are you considering playing the violin?

This classic instrument has been popular for centuries. The exquisite sound it makes draws crowds who enjoy listening to music of all different types.

You don’t have to be an expert in classical music to appreciate the violin. Violin strings are responsible for the melodic tunes.

Do you want to learn the violin string names? If you don’t, we might know a thing or two and we want to teach you.

History of the Modern Violin

The modern violin is believed to have been created around 1555 by an Italian luthier named Andrea Amati [1]. However, other bowed string versions of the violin were created before the modern version.

It is believed the final product evolved over time rather than invented by one person.

The history of the violin doesn’t begin in Europe. Bowed string instruments have their origins in Central Asia. The instruments made their way to Europe via trade.

The oldest surviving violin dates back to 1564 and was named Charles IX. This instrument was popular with the upper class as well as the lower class.

With its sweet melodic tone and increased sound projection, the violin’s sounds were perfect for large venues.

In the late 18th and 19th century, the fingerboard of the violin became longer and set more of an angle to support the tension of the strings. The reason behind the changes was to increase range and sound.

Violin Today

Violins are extremely popular in the modern world. Their sound has been adapted into many different styles of music. You can listen to the wonderful sounds of the violin in classical music, blues, country, and Celtic.

Although violins in this modern era are mass produced and more accessible to the public, people still want to own violins from the ‘Golden Age.’ Rare violins can sell for millions, especially the ones made by luthier Antonio Stradivari.

Old violins have superior craftsmanship for a few reasons, the resonance, the tone, and timbre have matured over time with the violin. Of course, these instruments are only preferred by advanced players.

The ones made today have been conditioned to produce sound electronically with the help of amplifiers and microphones.

Parts of the Violin

  • Scroll
  • Tunning pegs/pegbox
  • Nut
  • Strings
  • Neck
  • Fingerboard
  • Body
  • Sound Post
  • F-Holes
  • Bridge
  • Fine Tuners
  • Tailpiece/Endpin
  • Chinrest
  • Bow

Violin String Names

Each part of the violin is important, but let’s mention further the strings. The quality of the strings makes a difference to the quality of the sound produced.

Violin strings are made of a combination of metals, but mostly aluminum. Steel and gold are used for the E-string.

The violin is made up of 4 strings, G, D, A, and E [2]. The violin strings come in different sizes and each one has a very distinctive sound. From low-pitch to high-pitch there are different ways to identify them.

For more info check the video:


The G string is the thickest and it creates the lowest pitch sound. It is located on the far left side of the violin and for left-handed players, it’s located on the right. The G-string is also the closest to your head.


After the G strings, the D follows. The D string is one of the two inner strings on the instrument. It’s the second thickest after the G string.


A string is the other of the two inner strings and it is the second thinnest. It’s located next to the E string on the right side of the violin, or the left side if you’re a left-handed player.


Out of the four violin strings, the E string is the thinnest. It produces the highest pitch sound. This is the second of the outer strings located on the far left side, or right side if you’re a left-handed player.

The high-pitch E string is the furthest from the player’s head.

How to Tune a Violin

Now that you know the violin string names, you should also know how to tune your violin. The violin strings are tuned in perfect fifths. You must ensure each string is tuned at intervals of perfect fifths from one string to the other.

The pegs and the fine tuners are what allows you fasten and tighten the strings to produce the right note.

Not all violins are tuned the same way. Some violins only have fine tuners on the E string, while others have fine tuners on all four strings.

You can always have fine tuners installed if the violin doesn’t have them. As the name suggests it, fine tuners tune strings off-pitch by only a small interval. Use the fine tuners only when it’s half a tone, over half a tone you should use the pegs.

Tuning the strings with the pegs is recommended for more advanced players. Beginners should only tune using the pegs when it’s necessary.

Get a precise scientific tuner to ensure you don’t over tighten the strings. If you must do so, move only a few millimeters because a small turn can make a big difference.

When you tune the instrument start from below the note and work your way up. If you do this with caution, you will prevent any strings from breaking or damaging in the process.

Use your bow when you tune to listen to the sounds until you get the desired note.

How to Pick Violin Strings

Beginners and advanced players pick their strings very differently. Beginners might be looking for versatility over sound quality. And advanced players pick them based on personal choice.

You can pick from gut core strings, steel core, and synthetic core strings. There are a few more other things to consider such as the gauge, which should not be confused with string tension. Although, string tension is another factor when choosing violin strings.

Did You Learn the Violin String Names?

We hope this article will help you remember the violin string names. And if you’re a beginner player, it can help you in your journey.

Visit us to learn more about violins and other instruments.

Stephanie Su

Started learning music when she was four years old, Stephanie is a music teacher and a music therapist who is highly proficient in Piano, Violin, Guitar, and Ukulele. She likes to learn, teach, and share her music playing experiences.

Click Here to Leave a Comment Below 0 comments

Leave a Reply: