An Introduction to Treble Clef
As you know, one notates music by using a staff. Back in the late 9th century, the notation for the Gregorian Chant musical scribes first recorded clefs with “neumes,” or basic dashes or dots above lyrics.
They indicated a relative change in pitch. During the 10th century, scribes added a horizontal line to show a base pitch.
The line’s pitch was indicated by a letter, usually, an F or C. Higher range songs were indicated by the letter G. This is the origins of the musical staff .
Our focus here is on the G clef or the treble clef. But first, let’s take a refresher on the role clefs play with regards to the music staff.
The Purpose of the Staff
Today’s music staff is made up of five horizontal lines and spaces, on which of course musical notes lie. Higher notes or pitches place higher on the staff. And, lower notes or pitches place lower on the staff.
Though, with only a blank staff, we don’t know what notes to play. Clefs tell us which notes correspond to which spaces or lines on the staff. One of the two most common clefs is the treble clef.
The treble clef is also called the G Clef. The other is the bass clef, which is also called the F Clef. Without a clef, you simply don’t know what notes to play. Now, let’s focus on the treble clef and the music notes that make it up.
What Is a Treble Clef?
The treble clef is the symbol at the beginning of a staff that indicates the pitches of the notes on the staff.
The treble clef is called the “G clef” because the symbol at the beginning of the staff is a stylized letter “G” spiraling around the second line from the bottom. It encircles the second line of the staff, making that line G4, or a G above middle C.
Thus, the treble clef forms an integral part of the treble staff. These early letters evolved over time. They became the stylized representations that we know as clefs today.
Our modern version of the treble clef comes from the 17th-century notational technique that used multiple symbols to indicate pitch and vocal sound together.
“G, Sol” was a common combination. It was shortened to G.S. and then shorten again, or “corrupted by careless transcription,” to the treble clef that we know today .
Finding Treble Clef Notes
Once you find this G note, you can easily find other notes. All you have to do is move forward or backward along the musical alphabet, A-B-C-D-E-F-G.
Lines on the treble clef or G clef are E-G-B-D-F. You can remember this using the old mnemonic device, “Every Good Boy Does Fine,” “Every Green Bus Drives Fast,” or “Every Good Boy Deserves Fudge.”
Count the lines from the bottom of the staff to the top. The bottom line is the 1st line. The top line is the 5th.
The music notes for the spaces on the G clef are F-A-C-E. Since that spells the word “face,” you can remember that acronym easily. Count the four spaces from the bottom to the top of the staff.
The Ledger Line
When you need more lines, you add something called a ledger line. Ledger lines extend the range of the staff. The first ledger line in the treble staff, which is below the staff’s first line, is middle C on the piano.
The Bass Clef
While our focus here is on the treble clef, we need to mention the other clef, which is the bass clef, or F clef. The bass clef’s lines and spaces correspond to a different set of notes.
Bass clef notes in the lines are G-B-D-F-A. The notes in the spaces are A-C-E-G.
How to Draw a Treble Clef
When it comes to writing music, the first thing you should draw on your page is the clef, in this case, the treble clef. Here are the basics.
Step 1. Draw Your Vertical Line First
Draw a vertical line on the left side of the staff. Be sure to draw the line through the music staff so that it is hanging on both ends.
Step 2. Draw the Curve
Draw a curve from the top of your line down to the fourth line of the music staff. This creates a semicircle at the top.
Step 3. Draw Your Bottom Semicircle
Draw one more curve to the bottom line of your staff. This creates another, larger semicircle that you will extend in Step 4 next.
Step 4. Draw Your G Line
Draw a curve to meet the third, also called the G line. Then, curve around.
What you are doing is drawing the letter G starting from the second line. Set boundaries for the belly. Keep it within the third line and bottom line.
Continue the curve until you reach the end of the letter in the fifth line. Basically, you are creating a spiral.
Try not to make the belly too wide. It takes practice, but soon you will make graceful treble clefts. Take time to observe where the clef lines cross the staff’s lines.
Start from the bottom and work your way up by following the loops. Try not to make your clef too thin or too “loopy.” If you are using a pencil, you don’t need to draw thick lines as you see them in printed music.
Step 5. Draw the Tail
Add a curved tail to the bottom of your vertical line. There you have your treble clef.
Continue Your Music Education
With this guide to explaining what you need to know about the treble clef, you have the tools to start reading and, even better, start writing your own music.
Hopefully, you now have a sound understanding of what the treble clef is and how to read the music notes. A sample of this is the eighth note.